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About Swansea

Swansea in figures - key facts; physical geography; local area maps.

  • Swansea is the second largest city in Wales and the regional commercial centre for South West Wales.
  • Land area: 379.7 sq. kilometres - approximately 69.5% rural and 30.5% urban. 1
  • Population: 246,600 (mid-2020 estimate) - the second largest unitary authority in Wales - with a population density of 653 people per sq. km. (Wales: 153). 2
  • Population change: Official estimates suggest that Swansea's population increased by 9,300 between 2010 and 2020 - an average annual growth of 0.4%. 3
  • Population projections: The total population of Swansea is currently projected to increase to 254,400 by 2028, an estimated increase of 7,900 people (+3.2%) over a ten-year period.  4
  • Births and Deaths: There were 2,255 babies born in Swansea in 2019, and 2,510 deaths registered in the year. 5
  • Life expectancy at birth in Swansea now stands at 77.7 years for males (Wales 77.9) and 82.5 for females (Wales 82.0); with healthy life expectancy 62.5 years for males and 60.2 years for females. 6
  • Housing: Swansea contains around 112,100 dwellings (March 2020), with 65.5% (73,400) of all stock owner-occupied; 21,300 (19.0%) social rented and 17,400 (15.5%) private rented. 7
  • Households: 109,500 households live in Swansea (mid-2019), increasing by 8,000 (+7.8%) over the previous ten years, with a current average household size of 2.21 people (Wales 2.26). 8
  • Swansea Council consists of 36 Electoral Wards, represented by 72 local Councillors. 9
  • Schools: There are 93 local authority maintained schools in Swansea (January 2020) including 77 primary schools and 14 secondary schools.  12 schools are Welsh medium. 10
  • Pupils: Swansea schools contain 35,742 pupils (all ages), with 28,622 aged 5-15 (January 2020). 10
  • Higher and Further Education: Swansea is home to campus centres for Swansea University, University of Wales Trinity St. David and Gower College Swansea, which together support around 26,000 full-time students (2019-20).11
  • Qualifications: 62.6% of Swansea's residents aged 16-64 are qualified to NVQ levels 3 and 4 (2020) - Wales 58.5%. 12
  • Welsh language: In 2011, 11.4% of people in Swansea aged three and over were able to speak Welsh. 13
  • Ethnicity: Swansea had a minority ethnic group (non-White) population of around 14,300 in 2011 - 6.0% of the total population. 13
  • Country of birth: In 2011, 78% of Swansea's population were born in Wales, with 17,200 (7.2%) residents born outside the UK. 13
  • Economic output: GVA (Gross Value Added) per head in Swansea stands at £21,912 (2018); 5.7% above the Wales level but 27.2% below the UK average. 14
  • Economic activity: 75.4% of Swansea's working age (16-64) residents are economically active, with 112,500 in employment (71.5% of working age) (year to December 2020). 15
  • Employment: 111,800 people work in Swansea, mostly (88.4%) in the service sectors, with 28.2% (31,500) employed in the public sector (2019). An estimated 33,400 people commute into Swansea each day (2020).16
  • Businesses: There were 7,780 active businesses in Swansea in 2019, with 1,290 recorded business 'births' and 845 'deaths' in the year. 17
  • Earnings: Average (median) earnings for full-time employees in Swansea stand at £538.00 per week and £27,480 per year (April 2020). 18
  • Unemployment: 5,000 people in Swansea (4.3% of the economically active population aged 16+) are unemployed (survey period ending December 2020).  The administrative claimant count (June 2021) was 7,830 (5.0% of working age residents). 19
  • Deprivation: The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019 identified 11.5% of Swansea's local areas as falling within the top 10% most deprived in Wales. 20
  • Transport:  Swansea contains 1,123.5 kilometres (km) of roads (April 2018), of which 15.3km is motorway and 102.3km is 'A' road. There are 159,300 licensed vehicles in Swansea (2020), including 125,100 cars. 21
  • Agriculture: Around 21,400 hectares of land is farmed in the county, with around 390 economically active farms (June 2018). 22
  • Urban Conservation: Swansea currently contains 31 Conservation Areas, 122 Ancient Monuments and over 500 Listed Buildings. 23
  • Waste and recycling: 109,400 tonnes of waste was collected or generated in Swansea in 2019-20, of which 71,100 tonnes (65.0%) was reused, recycled or composted (Wales average 65.1%). 24
  • House Prices: In February 2021, the average house sale price in Swansea was £169,324 - average for Wales £179,861. 25
  • Tourism: Estimates suggest that 4.79 million people visited Swansea Bay in 2019 spending £477.22 million. 26

Sources and links:

  1.  Rural Urban Classification (2011) of Output Areas in England and Wales, Office for National Statistics (ONS).  Further information is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/geography
  2.  Mid-year estimates of population 2020, ONS.  Further statistics, including population by age, available at www.swansea.gov.uk/population
  3.  ONS mid-year population estimates, 2010-20.  Further information at www.swansea.gov.uk/populationtrends
  4.  Welsh Government (WG) sub-national population projections (2018-based).  Further information at www.swansea.gov.uk/projections
  5.  Birth and death registrations summary tables 2019, ONS.
  6.  Health state life expectancy statistics, 2017-19, ONS.
  7.  Dwelling stock estimates March 2020, WG statistics.
  8.  Mid-year household estimates 2019, WG - see www.swansea.gov.uk/householdestimates
  9.  Further information and statistics about Swansea's wards is available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wardprofiles
  10.  Pupil Level Annual School Census (PLASC), January 2020.  WG statistics (published July 2020).
  11.  Higher and Further Education Statistics 2019-20, WG (published January and February 2021).
  12.  Annual Population Survey (APS) estimates 2020, ONS.  Further information included in the Swansea Economic Profile available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile 
  13.  2011 Census, ONS.  Census statistics are available at www.swansea.gov.uk/2011censusswansea
  14.  Regional GVA (Gross Value Added) statistics 2018, ONS. 
  15.  APS estimates for survey period ending December 2020, ONS. 
  16.  a) Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) workplace-based estimates 2019, ONS.  b) Commuting tables 2020, published by WG using APS estimates.
  17.  Business demography statistics 2019, ONS.
  18.  Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) April 2020, ONS.
  19.  Labour Market Statistics, ONS.  Note: further information on items 14-19 available at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  20.  Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) 2019, WG.  Further information and local data available at www.swansea.gov.uk/wimd2019
  21.  a) Road Lengths and Conditions 2018-19, WG.  b) Vehicle Licensing Statistics 2020 (Table VEH0105), Department for Transport.
  22.  Annual Welsh Agricultural Survey June 2018, WG.
  23.  Further information on individual listed buildings, ancient monuments and conservation areas in Swansea is available via
  24.  WasteDataFlow and Local Authority Municipal Waste Management statistics 2019-20, WG.
  25.  Land Registry House Price Index (HPI) February 2021, ONS.  Further statistics on house prices and sales at www.swansea.gov.uk/economicprofile
  26.  STEAM research summary 2019 (Scarborough Tourism Economic Activity Model).  Further information available at www.swansea.gov.uk/article/6406/Tourism-research-and-statistics

If you are unable to find what you're looking for on these pages, please contact us and we will do our best to provide advice or signpost you to potential sources of information.

Geography

A summary of the physical geography of the City and County of Swansea

Local area maps

Maps of local areas in Swansea - wards and administrative geographies

Statistical and census geography

Super Output Areas in Swansea

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